Contemporary engravers still use tools like this. Stone wheels create rougher cuts, but copper-wheel engraving yields finely detailed pictures like flowers, animals, and portraits. Some wheels have rougher edges causing the surface of the glass to appear scratched and others polish out of the scratches, creating reflective surfaces that catch the light and enhance the design. Engravers design patterns to take advantage of the contrast of the surfaces. Explore engraved glass in our newly redesigned Crystal City Gallery.
Engraving Lathe and Stand, Copper Wheels, T. G. Hawkes & Company, Corning, New York, 1900-1950. 97.7.13; Vase in “3121” Pattern, H. P. Sinclaire Jr. (designer), H. P. Sinclaire & Company (manufacturer), Corning, New York, United States, 1904-1920. Gift of Mrs. John Sinclaire. 63.4.20.